Ursavus elmensis, the dawn bear, was a species of bear of the Ursavus genus. These bears roamed the earth over 20 million years ago during the Miocene epoch. From Ursavus elmensis came Protusus simpsoni, which gave rise to the Ursus genus of bears.
Many view Ursavus elmensis as the first species of “true bears.” Although, Ursvaus depreti lived on long after elmensis went extinct. Indarctos and Agriotherium were descendants of Usrsavus depreti.
Ursavus elmensis had dog-like features and was the size of a fox terrier. Elmensis fed on vegetation and insects. Between 1.8 million and 10,000 years ago, descendants of Ursavus elemensis were some of the largest carnivorous mammals on earth.
Modern bears evolved from the Ursavus line, which went extinct 7 to 8 million years ago due to climate change.
The bear’s habitat became drier and subtropical forests turned desert-like.
- Ursavus elmensis ✝ – https://www.mindat.org/taxon-4970086.html
- Ursavus elmensis Stehlin 1917 (bear) – http://fossilworks.org/?a=taxonInfo&taxon_no=64162