Agriotherium is an extinct bear species that evolved from the Indarctos genus. These bears lived between 2 million to 9 million years ago.
The general description of Agriotherium is a giant short-faced bear. It measured about 8.8 feet and had canine-like features.
Their teeth were primitive yet able to crush bone with ease. Agriotherium’s jaws were stronger than other carnivores, both present, and past. Through wear and tear patterns of its teeth, scientists determined that it was omnivorous.
There were an estimated ten species of Agriotherium that lived in parts of Africa and Eurasia. There are also signs that the bears live in North America and Central America. Records also show that two species lived in parts of India.
Agriotherium went extinct due to climate changes, which affected their food source.
- Agriotherium – Prehistoric Wildlife – http://www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/species/a/agriotherium.html
- Agriotherium – Prehistoric Fauna – https://prehistoric-fauna.com/Agriotherium
- Jiangzuo, Q., Flynn, J.J. A New Species of Agriotherium from North America, and Implications for Understanding Transformations in the Metaconid-Entoconid Complex of Bears. J Mammal Evol (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10914-019-09480-x
- Howell, F. Clark; Garcia, Nuria (December 2007). “Carnivora (Mammalia) From Lemudong’o (Late Miocene: Narok District, Kenya)” (PDF). Kirtlandia. Cleveland Museum of Natural History. 556: 121–139. http://ib.berkeley.edu/labs/hlusko/kirt-56-00-121.pdf